South America is a continent situated in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. The continent is also considered a subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.
South America ranks fourth in area after Asia, Africa, and North America and fifth in population after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site
Mesa Verde National Park is a U.S. National Park
and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Mesa Verde (Spanish for “green table”) is the
largest archaeological preserve in the United States.
Mesa Verde National Park is located in Montezuma County, Colorado. The park lies in the southwest corner of Colorado and is situated on a plateau at an altitude of more than 2600 meters (8,500 feet). It is about 10 miles east of Cortez, Colorado and about 36 miles west of Durango, Colorado. In 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt established Mesa Verde National Park to "preserve the works of man".
The Mesa Verde is considered to be the site of the prehistoric Ancestral Puebloan culture and offers a spectacular look into the lives of the Ancestral Pueblo people dating back from 600 to 1300 A.D. Today the park contains more than 4000 archeological sites including 600 cliff dwellings of the Pueblo people and the mesa top sites of pithouses, pueblos, masonry towers, and farming structures. These are the most remarkable and incredibly well preserved sites in the United States.
Mesa Verde is well known for a large number of well-preserved cliff dwellings, houses built in shallow caves and under rock overhangs along the canyon walls. Primarily living and farming on the mesa top, many Ancestral Puebloans began living in pueblos they built beneath the overhanging cliffs. The structures ranged in size from one-room storage units to villages of more than 150 rooms.
These cliff dwellings of Mesa Verde are
some of the most remarkable and incredibly well preserved. Many well known
cliff dwellings in the park include Balcony House, Cliff Palace, Long House,
Spruce Tree House, and Step House. Some of the mesa top archeological sites in
Mesa Verde National Park are Badger House Community, Cedar Tree Tower, Far View
Sites Complex, and Sun Temple.