South America is a continent situated in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. The continent is also considered a subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.
South America ranks fourth in area after Asia, Africa, and North America and fifth in population after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site
Kinkakuji or "Temple of the Golden
Pavilion" is a Zen Buddhist temple in northern Kyoto, Japan. The Japanese
term Kinkakuji means the temple of the Golden Pavilion. Rokuonji (Deer Garden
Temple) is the formal name of the temple complex in which the Golden Pavilion
In Kinkakuji's history, around 1397, the villa was purchased from the Saionji Kintsune, a powerful statesman by Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu and it was transformed into the Kinkakuji complex. When Yoshimitsu died, the building was converted into a Zen temple by his son, according to his wishes. Kinkakuji is an impressive structure built overlooking a large pond and is the only building left of Yoshimitsu's former retirement complex.
The Golden Pavilion is a three-story building on the site of the Rokuonji temple complex. The top two stories of the pavilion are covered with pure gold leaf. Each floor of the Kinkakuji represents three distinct styles of architecture which are shinden, samurai, and zen, specifically on each floor. The first floor was built in shinden-zukuri style used for palace buildings during the Heian Period. Statues of the Buddha and Yoshimitsu are located on the first floor. The second floor was built in the style of buke-zukuri used in samurai residences. The second floor also consists of a Buddha Hall and a shrine dedicated to the Kannon Bodhisattva. The third floor is built in traditional chinese Zen style, also known as zenshu-butsuden-zukuri. The roof is in the shape of a pyramid. The building is topped with a golden phoenix.
Kinkakuji is one of 17 locations which comprise
the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto World Heritage Site. Being one of the
most popular ancient buildings in Japan, it attracts a large number of visitors
Kansai International Airport is the closest international airport to
Kyoto. Osaka International Airport or Itami Airport is
the primary domestic airport for the Kansai region of Japan.